Dog poop is an indicator of the dog’s health. Many owners do not pay attention to this because it is an unpleasant subject and only look at it when they find something unusual on their poop.
If you find white specks in your dog’s poop, there may be many reasons behind it, and you may also think about what you should do now. These white specks are not always an alarming sign but don’t overlook these signs that can occur at some point due to infection.
If you want to know what to do if you see white specks in dog poop, read this article to the end.
What are white specks in dog poop?
White specks are defined as white dots in your dog’s poop. These little specks, if found in dog feces, don’t always mean something is wrong, but it also doesn’t mean you should ignore this problem.
Are these white bits a cause for concern?
To find white specks in your dog’s poop, you need to examine it closely. The most important thing to look for is whether or not these white specks are moving. You must observe these white specifications for several seconds and wait any moment.
If these small dots are not moving, it means that the matter is not of great concern, but if they do move, it means that there is an infection in your dog’s digestive system. Looking closely is advised because they sometimes move with a sudden twitch.
What causes white dots in your dog’s stool?
There are several causes behind white specks in dog feces, and each cause differs in severity.
Partially digested food
The most common cause of white specks in dog feces is undigested food. Sometimes you will find traces of meat bones in your dog’s poop, and these bones move through the digestive tract without being fully digested. Most pet owners blame poor quality pet food for this problem.
Basically, all pet food that uses meat as the main product must contain tissue and bones. It is impossible for pet food to come without bone traces. However, food companies can promise to add more meat and fewer bones to your food.
These small bone pieces are very difficult to notice, and you can only find them if you look closely at the poop sample.
If food is not properly absorbed and digested, white specks will occur in the dog’s poop. In severe malabsorption cases, your dog poop will become paler and bulkier, which occurs due to the high-fat content in them. Other causes behind food malabsorption are:
- Liver disease
- Intestinal inflammation
- Pancreatic insufficiency
- Abdominal pain
- Weight loss
At some point, white specks in dog poop appear due to the use of any medication. When administered, some medications are not digested properly, and their remains appear in the feces of dogs. If you find white bits in your dog’s poop, consult your veterinarian, they will decide whether or not a change of medication is necessary.
If your dog’s poop is outside for a while, you will see white specks on them; this little dot has nothing to do with your dog. They may appear due to some fly that has laid eggs in your dog’s poop. The maggots or fly larvae lay eggs in fresh dog poop for food once they hatch.
The problem begins when the poop begins to decompose. The larvae begin to contaminate your backyard and start causing infections in humans. This is why it is important to clean up your dog’s poop straight away.
At some point, you will see clumps of white matter in your dog’s poop; this may be due to a fungal infection such as candida. This problem is more common if your dog is suffering from a yeast infection or any ongoing treatment that may weaken his immune system.
Sometimes, white specks in dog poop can be due to ongoing worm infection. The most common worm that affects dogs is a tapeworm. These parasites adhere to the wall of the intestine of dogs. Tapeworms appear as shoelaces or strings; this is because they have a small head and a long shape.
Tapeworms are divided into segments and are several feet long. Its body grows in a strange pattern, new segments form on the tapeworm’s upper body, and older segments move towards the rear.
Tapeworms get their nutrients and feed on the dog’s blood. They grow very fast, and as soon as they become adults, they will begin to lay eggs. These eggs will form within the posterior segment of the dog’s body in the form of packets. Sometimes you can see these segments in the dog’s poop, and if they break inside the poop, you may see them move in the poop.
How dogs get infected by Tapeworms?
Tapeworm infestation is also known as cestodiasis. Dogs become infected with tapeworms in a number of ways. Normally, when the segment breaks in dog poop, the eggs present in them attach to fleas and affect other animals. If a dog ingested any of those fleas, he could be affected by cestodiasis.
Similarly, dogs are also affected if they eat any infected animals like rats, rodents, and rabbits. Those who spent a lot of time wandering outside in parks and streets and never received treatment for worms, ticks, and fleas are at higher risk for tapeworm infestation.
Signs of a tapeworm infestation
In infected animals, tapeworms will be found in their feces. You will see rice showing in your dog poop or sticking to the hair around the anus. Sometimes you will see their poops turn yellow and hard; this may be because the worms die inside the dog’s body and dry up before passing out.
If the tapeworm segment gets stuck in your dog’s stomach, he will vomit, and you will see it in his vomit.
One of the most common signs of tapeworm infestation is irritation around the anal area. You will often see dogs obsessively licking their butt or sliding across the ground. Other common symptoms found are:
- Weight loss
- Distended abdomen
- Visual evidence of tapeworm
- Dull coat
How to diagnose tapeworm infestation?
It is very easy to diagnose tapeworm infestation in dogs; simply provide a fresh sample to your veterinarian, and they will examine it under a microscope. Tapeworm eggs will show up under a microscope because their eggs are larger than other parasites.
Your vet can also perform an adhesive tape test to diagnose tapeworm infestation. In this test, a piece of tape will be placed around your dog’s anus and will be removed after a while and examined under the microscope.
Treatment of tapeworm infestation
Tapeworm treatment is highly effective if administered according to the vet’s instructions. Dogs are dewormed from time to time to remove these parasites.
For puppies under three months of age, it is very important that they receive a deworming treatment every few weeks until they reach six months of age. After six months of age, deworming is required once a month.
Puppies are at higher risk of infestation compared to adults. Sometimes they become suddenly infected after they are born. If you find white specks in their poop, you should contact your vet immediately.
To protect your dog from tapeworms, you should take some preventive measures such as
- Use flea preventive medication regularly
- Don’t let your dog roam or eat anything from outside
- Clean your dog after every walk from the park
- Take your pup to the vet clinic for regular checkups.
What to do if white specks are appearing because of undigested food?
If white specks appear in your dog’s poop due to undigested food, the best thing to do is to prepare small portions of your dog’s diet. The size and shape of dog poop vary depending on what they eat, whether it’s raw or kibble. A raw diet is not normally recommended in previously infected animals.
When shopping for commercial food for your dog, look for foods that contain more meat than bones. AAFCO approved foods typically do not contain whole bones but rather bone meal. This bone meal will not hurt your dog as it does not contain anything bad.
Is it important to check my dog poop regularly for white specks?
It is important to regularly monitor your dog’s poop as it informs you about your pet’s health. Although it is unpleasant, you should at least do it once in a while. Even if your dog is healthy and showing no symptoms, you should check his poop for what a normal poop looks like.
A tarry or dark poop or even diarrhea is a sign of trouble, and don’t overlook it. Similarly, if your dog is suffering from constipation, you should also contact your veterinarian.
If you find white specks in your dog poop, be sure to contact your vet with all the history, supplements, and medications so your vet can decide on the best treatment method and reduce the risk of a possible infestation.