Have you seen your four-legged friend chewing on his paw to relieve the feeling of cracks, rough and dry pads? Dogs naturally have tenacious paw pads, but they can still crack like human heels. Dog paw pads are at risk in extremely hot and cold climates.
Rough and dry paw pads are not only unsightly but also create a lot of discomfort for your dog. Remember that your furry friend does not have slippers to walk on hot sidewalks and has to absorb all the shocks with his bare feet.
If you want to learn how to get rid of rough and cracked dog paws, read the step-by-step instructions given below and help your puppy find some relief.
What Causes Dry Cracked Dog Paws
If your dog has rough, dry, and chronically irritated dog paws, be sure to take your pet in for a veterinary exam. There are many causes behind these cracked paws, this could be an allergy, a deficiency, or a medical problem. Here we will discuss some steps in detail.
1. Hot Pavement
In extremely hot weather, do not take your dog for a walk because the pavements can get hot. Many people do not know the reality that the paws of dogs are sensitive to withstand that. You can check the extreme nature of the weather yourself by placing the palm of your hand on the ground for a few seconds.
If you can’t stand the temperature for a few seconds, how do you think your Fido’s feet won’t get burned from this?
2. Wintery Conditions
Similarly, extremely cold weather also causes the paw pads to dry out. If your dog stays in the snow for too long, his paw pads can become irritated and cracked.
3. Allergic Reactions
Dogs are also allergic to many things, just like humans. Basically, they are more exposed to irritants due to their bare feet. You may not believe it, but food allergies can also cause an allergic reaction in the paws.
Many times these allergic reactions have been seen to be so harsh that your puppy will start to nibble and chew on your paw. In the end, it results in rough, painful, and cracks dog paws.
There are certain chemicals that are extremely irritating to your dog’s paws, like the salt that is used to melt ice outdoors is what can affect your dog’s paws. Similarly, fertilizer in your yard or asphalt on a newly built road can irritate your dog’s paws.
Not only that, but your dog may also be sensitive to household cleaners, especially those used to clean carpets and floors.
5. Yeast Infection
A yeast infection can cause skin diseases in dogs and is very common. Yeast infections are typically found on the paws, ears, skin folds as well as other moist areas of the body. Find out more.
Underlying Health Problems – What Is Paw Pad Hyperkeratosis And How To Heal It
There are a number of health problems that can cause rough and cracked dog paws. Cracked dog paws can also occur due to a problem called hyperkeratosis. In hyperkeratosis, the skin on the pads of each foot thickens and cracks.
This problem occurs due to metabolic or immune diseases, parasitic or fungal causes, and sometimes weather conditions are the cause of rough and cracked paw pads.
If the paw pads are cracked and do not seem to heal, this may be due to certain dermatological and liver conditions. Most of the time, these conditions look almost similar, and a biopsy is often done to confirm a diagnosis.
If dryness, roughness, and irritation continue on other parts of the body along with the paw pads, this issue should be addressed by your vet. If your vet finds any underlying problems, they will recommend a complete blood chemical test.
These blood tests will indicate the status of the liver, kidneys, and thyroid. Treatment will be prescribed according to the test result.
Cracked and rough dog paws can be checked at home or you can also make an appointment with your vet to have your dog’s paw checked. Your vet will perform certain tests such as
- He will lift the leg and check for small lines or cracks on the paw pads.
- Look in open cracks for signs of bleeding and infection.
- Check the paw pads for any protruding lesions.
Signs and Symptoms
How to Treat Dry, Rough or Cracked Dog Paws
Treatment generally depends on the severity of the condition. If there is a minor problem with the footpads, such as an irritant, then the first irritant is removed, and any good quality wax balm or moisturizer is applied. Bandages are applied to severely injured paw pads to restrict your dog’s movement.
The following home remedies will help soothe rough and cracked Dog Paws
1. Shea Butter
It is one of the popular ingredients that have good moisturizing properties. Shea butter is basically full of nut fats. It has miraculous properties to soothe rough and chapped skin. It is also not toxic, so if they lick it, it won’t do them any harm.
Calendula is an herb famous for its anti-inflammatory and healing properties. It is usually in gel form and is commonly found in soothing ointments.
3. Coconut Oil
Coconut oil is another natural and safe product for dry and rough dog paws. Coconut oil has antiviral, antibacterial, and moisturizing properties that make it one of the best home treatments. The only problem is preventing your dog from licking it because he likes the taste of coconut a lot.
4. Omega Fatty Acids
Omega fatty acids have multiple capabilities and can soothe inflammation, relieve allergies, and help restore the natural texture of the dog’s skin and provide excellent tail-to-paw relief. Always consult your vet before mixing it into your dog’s diet.
By following some precautionary measures, you can prevent irritation of the paw pads in the first place. If the temperature is extreme outside, try wearing dog shoes to your dog. It can protect your paw from extreme hot and cold weather.
In winter, try to stay away from areas that are covered in salt. If you can’t do any of that, clean your dog’s paws when he enters the house.
If dry, rough skin and paws are due to any allergens in the diet, consult your vet for dietary changes.
Dog paw pads are extremely sensitive and can become roughed and cracked due to a variety of reasons. By following simple precautions, you can protect your dog’s paws from cracks and injuries.